Frequently Asked Questions

Project Details

When will construction start?

Project Tundra is still in the research and feasibility stages. The earliest construction would start is in the fourth quarter of 2021. For Project Tundra to be successful, construction would need to begin before the end of 2023.

How many jobs would Project Tundra create?

It is estimated that the construction of Project Tundra would create an additional 2,000 temporary construction jobs in Oliver and Mercer counties.

Will Project Tundra INcrease Electric Rates?

Minnkota will not pursue Project Tundra if it substantially increases electric rates. The current plan is to form partnerships that will allow for the use of 45Q federal tax credits to offset the approximately $1 billion capital project cost.

CO2 Storage

Can CO2 leak out of the storage zone?

There is very high confidence that all stored CO2 will remain permanently trapped in the selected storage zones. The CO2 will be stored more than mile underground in the same deep rock layers that currently hold water that is saltier than that in the ocean. The saltwater already in the storage site has stayed in place for millions of years and is held there by several layers of sealing rock called cap rocks.

Will CO2 storage affect my drinking water?

No, fresh water aquifers are located nearly a mile from targeted CO2 storage zones. Thick, dense layers of cap rock separate the CO2 from the fresh water aquifers and prevent it from leaking.

Are regulations in place for CO2 storage?

Yes, strict state and federal regulations are in place for CO2 storage. The regulatory framework covers carbon capture and transport, storage property rights, and long-term monitoring of the stored CO2. A wide array of monitoring technologies will be used to track CO2 movement in the subsurface, including down-hole and surface CO2 sensors.

Is there enough space to store CO2?

Yes, even at the most conservative estimates, scientists believe the available storage capacity far exceeds what is needed to store the predicted amount of CO2.

Can CO2 storage cause earthquakes?

North Dakota’s stable geology makes the likelihood of earthquakes very remote. CO2 storage projects around the world have not reported significant changes in seismic activity. Advanced seismic testing has not shown earthquake-related risks.

Has testing been conducted on CO2 storage?

There are multiple active commercial CO2 storage projects around the world that have proven the effectiveness and safety of the technology. Testing has been conducted at the proposed site for CO2 storage near the Milton R. Young Station. The testing included drilling, sampling and data collection, as well as geophysical survey work using seismic technology. Advanced testing is planned during 2020-2021.

Project Details

When will construction start?

Project Tundra is still in the research and feasibility stages. The earliest construction would start is in the fourth quarter of 2021. For Project Tundra to be successful, construction would need to begin before the end of 2023.

How many jobs would Project Tundra create?

It is estimated that the construction of Project Tundra would create an additional 2,000 temporary construction jobs in Oliver and Mercer counties.

Will Project Tundra INcrease Electric Rates?

Minnkota will not pursue Project Tundra if it substantially increases electric rates. The current plan is to form partnerships that will allow for the use of 45Q federal tax credits to offset the approximately $1 billion capital project cost.

CO2 Storage

Can CO2 leak out of the storage zone?

There is very high confidence that all stored CO2 will remain permanently trapped in the selected storage zones. The CO2 will be stored more than mile underground in the same deep rock layers that currently hold water that is saltier than that in the ocean. The saltwater already in the storage site has stayed in place for millions of years and is held there by several layers of sealing rock called cap rocks.

Will CO2 storage affect my drinking water?

No, fresh water aquifers are located nearly a mile from targeted CO2 storage zones. Thick, dense layers of cap rock separate the CO2 from the fresh water aquifers and prevent it from leaking.

Are regulations in place for CO2 storage?

Yes, strict state and federal regulations are in place for CO2 storage. The regulatory framework covers carbon capture and transport, storage property rights, and long-term monitoring of the stored CO2. A wide array of monitoring technologies will be used to track CO2 movement in the subsurface, including down-hole and surface CO2 sensors.

Is there enough space to store CO2?

Yes, even at the most conservative estimates, scientists believe the available storage capacity far exceeds what is needed to store the predicted amount of CO2.

Can CO2 storage cause earthquakes?

North Dakota’s stable geology makes the likelihood of earthquakes very remote. CO2 storage projects around the world have not reported significant changes in seismic activity. Advanced seismic testing has not shown earthquake-related risks.

Has testing been conducted on CO2 storage?

There are multiple active commercial CO2 storage projects around the world that have proven the effectiveness and safety of the technology. Testing has been conducted at the proposed site for CO2 storage near the Milton R. Young Station. The testing included drilling, sampling and data collection, as well as geophysical survey work using seismic technology. Advanced testing is planned during 2020-2021.

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